Heroin & Opioids Addiction Guaranteed

Heroin & Opioids Addiction Guaranteed

The Terrible Effects:

After taking an opioid, users will feel instantaneously relaxed. Their limbs might feel heavy, their vision and speech will be impaired and they will have difficulty coordinating their movements. Opioids depress the nervous system, leading to slowed breathing and depending on the amount taken, coma or death.

As use into abuse, the brain’s functioning begins to suffer. Nerves within the brain are damaged, cells stop producing endorphins and the body becomes unable to stop pain on its own. Long term users will experience hormonal imbalances in their adrenal glands and thyroid, emotional imbalances and osteoporosis. Ultimately users become physically dependent on the opioid.

Opioid Addiction and Dependence:

Opioid addiction can happen without users even realizing that they have become addicted. Addicts will not be able to control their drug use. They will crave the drug and will be compelled to use the drug even if they know there will be consequences.

Tolerance to opioids effects builds quickly. Users will need to take more and more to experience the pain relief or the euphoria they seek. Once drug abusers develop tolerance to the drug, they become dependent on it. Their body becomes so sued to the presence of the drug in their system that they will go into withdrawal once they stop taking it.

Signs of Opioid Abuse/Addiction:

*Track/needle marks and wearing long sleeves to cover them.

*Lethargy and difficulty moving

*Hanging out with different groups of people

*Poor hygiene

*Excessive sleeping

*Weight gain/loss

*Borrowing money without explaining why

Withdrawal and Detox:

The withdrawal and detoxification process for an opioid addict should be medically supervised to ensure that person’s safety and continued success in recover. While the withdrawal symptoms are rarely life threating, they can be very painful and uncomfortable. Initial withdrawal symptoms usually start about 12 hours after stopping the drug and peak after two to four days. The entire process can last up to two weeks.

In the first 24 hours after drug use stops, individuals will experience anxiety, muscle aches, insomnia, excessive sweating and restlessness. As the detoxification continues, symptoms will increase in severity and will include diarrhea, nausea, stomach cramps, chills, vomiting, bone pain and high blood pressure.

Relapse and Overdose:

After completing a traditional drug treatment program, 90% of opioid addicts will relapse in the first year. Relapse presents it own set of problems as an addict’s tolerance will have decreased during the detox process. If that addict starts using again at the same level he/she was prior to going through detox, that person may easily overdose.

During an overdose, individuals may lose consciousness. Their pupils will not react to light and their heart rate and breathing will slow down and possibly stop. Their lips and nails will turn blue due to insufficient oxygen in their blood. They may have seizures and muscle spasms. Vomits and choking are also symptoms of an overdose.

Recovery:

While success in an opioid treatment program varies depending on the individual, recovery is more likely when multiple approaches are used. Individuals should receive therapy during and after withdrawal. Support groups also reinforcement during recovery.

In addition to counseling, replacement therapy provides added benefits. This procedure involves replacing one opioid with a longer acting and less euphoric opioid like methadone or suboxone. In time, it may be possible for an individual to transition to a completely drug free life.

Getting Help:

Abusing prescription or illegal opioids will result in long lasting and life altering consequences. And while dealing with opioid addiction may seem  like an insurmountable task, the cycle of addiction can be broken. Dedication, support, counseling and treatment can make a happy and healthy life a reality.

What are Opiates and Opioids?

Opiates and opioids are drug used therapeutically to relieve pain and illicitly for their euphoric effects. Opiates are substances derived directly from some poppy plants. The term opioid refer to opiates as well as to synthetically created substances that mimic the effects of opiates.

Opioids have been used in the form of opium since at least the Neolithic Age. Opium occurs naturally in the latex of certain poppy plants seed pods. It contains morphine, codeine and thebaine. Heroin and desomorphine, also known as krokodil are slightly chemically altered opioids. Semi-synthetic opioids include oxycodone and hydrocodone and fully synthetic opioids include fentanyl and methadone.

Prescription Opioids:

While opioids have significant therapeutic value to patients who suffer from severe pain, they also carry a high risk for addiction. This risk is lessened but not eliminated when opioid is medically supervised. The intense pleasurable feelings that come from opioid use can turn users into abusers.

Morphine, hydrocodone and oxycodone are the most popular among prescription opioid abusers. People may believe that prescription drugs are safe to use regardless of dosage or frequency. In reality, it’s alarmingly easy to abuse or overdoes on opioids.

Illegal Opioids:

The most well-known illegal opioid is heroin. Also known as “H”, “smack” or “horse” heroin may come in powder form, ranging in color from white to brown or as a sticky dark brown to black substance. Users may inject it into their veins, smoke it or snort it. The initial “rush” that comes with heroin use is so powerful that many users become addicted after trying the drug only once.

Opioid Statistics:

*Heroin, morphine and oxycodone are the most commonly abused opioids.

*In the US, over half of the accidental drug deaths are caused by heroin and morphine.

*There are approximately 2 million people in the US who are addicted to prescription opioids.

*Every year about 150,00 people try heroin for the first time.

In reality, it’s alarmingly easy to abuse or overdose on opioids.

For more information:

Go to http://www.intheknowzone.com for more information on substance abuse. Increase your knowledge using the information, statistics, images and links. Test your understanding with a quick quiz.

Don’t stay in the dark. Get in the know!

The Center for Alcohol & Drug Resources

22-08 Route 208 South, Suite #7

Fair Lawn, NJ  07410

(201) 261-2800

http://www.tcarr.org

Disclaimer: This information was taken directly from the In The Know pamphlet and I give them full credit on it. Please call or email them for more information on the program or if you are having a problem with drugs.

 

 

 

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Seven things to know about getting a Mammogram

Seven things to know about getting a Mammogram:

Mammograms (breast x-rays) are the best screening tool we have to find breast cancer early, when it may be easier to treat. After you and your health care professional establish a screening schedule, it’ll help to know what to expect so it can go as smoothly as possible. Here’s what you need to know:

  1. What is a Mammogram?

A mammogram is an x-ray of the breast that’s used to find breast changes. X-rays were first used to examine breast tissue nearly a century ago. Today, the x-ray machines used fro mammograms produce lower energy x-rays and expose the breast to much less radiation compared with those in the past.

2. Where to get it:

Find a center that specializes in mammograms. The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) certifies mammogram facilities that meet high professional standards of quality and safety. Ask to see the FDA certification if one isn’t posted near the receptionist’s desk. And when you find a facility you like, stick to it. Having all your mammograms at the same facility will make it easier for doctors to compare images from one year to the next. If you’ve had mammograms done at other facilities, have those images sent to your new facility.

3. When to schedule it:

It’s best to schedule your mammogram about a week after your menstrual period. Your breasts won’t be as tender or swollen, which  means less discomfort during the x-ray.

4. What and what not to wear:

Wear a 2-piece outfit because you will need to remove your top and bra. Do not apply deodorant, antiperspirant, powder, lotions or ointment on or around your chest on the day of your mammogram. These products can appear as white spots on the x-ray.

5. What to expect:

The entire procedure takes about 20 minutes. The breast is compressed between two plastic plates for a few seconds while an x-ray is taken. It’s repositioned (and compressed again) to take another view. This is then done on the other breast. Flattening the breast can be uncomfortable but is needed to provide a clearer view.

6. Getting the Results:

You should get your results within 10 days. If you don’t, you should call to ask about them. If doctors find something suspicious, you’ll likely be contacted within a week to take new pictures or get other tests. But that doesn’t mean you have cancer. A suspicious finding may be just dense breast tissue or a cyst. Other times, the image just isn’t clear and needs to be retaken. If this is your first mammogram, your doctor may want to look at an area more closely simply because there is no previous mammogram for comparison.

7. What you pay:

For uninsured or low income women, free or low cost mammogram services are available. Some of these programs are held during National Breast Cancer Month in October, while others are offered year round. Call the American Cancer Society at 1-800-227-2345 to find a program near you.

Visit cancer.org/FightBreastCancer for more breast cancer information and support.

Disclaimer: This information was taken directly from the American Cancer Society pamphlet on mammograms and I give them full credit for the information. Please call 1-800-227-2345 or check cancer.org for information.

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PSE&G: Working for you: Stay informed during the storms

PSE&G: Working for you: Stay informed during the storms

At PSE&G, we continue to invest in major upgrades to our electric and gas systems so you have safe an reliable energy. The more we strengthen our infrastructure, the better we are prepared for the extreme weather of the future. However, since severe storms and extreme weather do have the potential to cause power outages, we want to make sure you know how to stay informed if you lose power.

Keep you connected:

PSE&G online Outage Center offers a number of ways to stay in touch and informed before, during and after a storm. Visit pse&g.com/outagecenter to:

*Report an outage and check your outage status.

*View our “Outage Map” updated every 15 minutes, which displays the location and status of power outages in our service territory.

*Access important information to help keep you safe.

You can also sign up for My Alerts to report outages and get updates through your preferred contact method about the status of your outage. To learn more, visit pseg,com/myalerts.

And don’t forget to sign up for My Account at pseg.com and bookmark the mobile-friendly home-page on your smart phone so it’s easy to report outages and check restoration progress.

Additional Resources:

If you  (or a member of your household) rely on electricity to operate life-sustaining equipment, please notify PSE&G. For more information visit pseg.com/life or call 1-800-436-PSEG. Also consider signing up for the state’s Registry Ready program. New Jersey’s special needs registry for disasters. To register, call 2-1-1 or visit registerready,nj.gov.

Disclaimer: I wanted to share this information with all readers as we are entering the storm season and I think you should know what to do in case of a major storm. This information just came with my PSE&G bill and I wanted to credit the company for this information. Please call the numbers above for more information.

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Cancer Facts for Men

Cancer Facts for Men: The American Cancer Society

The Cancers that most frequently affect men are prostate, colon, lung and skin cancers. Knowing about these cancers and how they can be prevented or found early can save your life.

Prostate Cancer:

The chance of getting prostate cancer goes up as a man gets older. Most prostate cancers are found in men over the age of 65.  For reasons that are still unknown, African American men are more likely than white men to develop prostate cancer. Having one or more close relatives with prostate cancer also increases a man’s risk of having prostate cancer.

What you can do:

The American Cancer Society recommends that men make an informed decision with their doctor about whether to be tested for prostate cancer. Research has not yet proven that the benefits of testing outweigh the harms of testing and treatment. The American Cancer Society believes that men should not be tested without learning about what we know and don’t know about the risks and possible benefits of testing and treatment.

Starting at age 50, talk to you doctor about the pros and cons of testing so you can decide if getting tested is the right choice for you. If you are African-American or have a father or brother who had prostate cancer before age 65, you should have this talk with your doctor starting at age 45. If you decide to be tested, you should have the PSA blood test with or without a rectal exam. How often you are tested will depend on your PSA level.

Colon Cancer:

Any adult can have colorectal cancers (cancers of the colon and rectum) but more of these cancers are found in people age or older. People with a personal or family history of this cancer or who have polyps in their colon or rectum or those with inflammatory bowel disease are more likely to have colon cancer. Also, eating a diet mostly of high fat food (especially from animal sources) being overweight, smoking and being inactive can make a person more likely to have colon cancer.

What you can do:

Colon cancer almost always starts with a polyp. Testing can save lives by finding polyps before they become cancer. If pre-cancerous polyps are removed, colon cancer can be prevented. Eating a low-fat diet that is rich in fruits and vegetables may also make you less likely to have this cancer.

The American Cancer Society recommends one of the following testing options for all people beginning at age 50:

Testing that find polyps and cancer:

*Flexible sigmoidoscopy every 5 years* or

*Colonoscopy every 10 years*

*Double-contrast barium enema every 5 years* or

*CT colonography (virtual colonoscopy) every 5 years*

Tests that primarily find cancer:

*Yearly fecal occult blood test (FOBT)** or

*Yearly fecal immunochemical test (FIT)** or

*Stool DNA test (sDNA), interval uncertain

*If the test is positive, a colonoscopy should be done.

**The multiple stool take home test should be used. One test done by the doctor is not adequate for testing. A colonoscopy should be done if the test is positive.

The tests that are designated to find both early cancer and polyps are preferred if these tests are available to you and you are willing to have one of these more invasive tests. Talk to your doctor about which test is best for you.

Lung Cancer:

Smoking is the cause for more than 80% of all lung cancers but people who do not smoke can also have lung cancer.

What you can do:

Lung Cancer is one of the few cancers that can often be prevented. If you are a smoker, ask your doctor or nurse to help you quit. If you don’t smoke, don’t start and avoid breathing in other people’s smoke. If your friends and loved ones are smokers, help them quit. For help quitting, call the American Cancer Society at 1-800-227-2345 and ask about our Quit For Life Program, a tobacco-cessation service that is operated by Free and Clear.

Skin Cancer:

Anyone who spends time in the sun can have skin cancer. People with fair skin, especially those with blond or red hair are more likely to get skin cancer than people with darker coloring. People who have had a close family member with melanoma and those who had severe sunburns before age of 18 are more likely to get skin cancer.

What you can do:

Most skin cancers can be prevented by avoiding the midday sun. When in the sun, wear hats with brims, long sleeved shirts, sunglasses and use sunscreen with an SPF of 15 or higher on all exposed parts of the skin. If you have children, protect them from the sun and don’t let them get sunburned. Be aware of all moles and spots on your skin and report any changes to your doctor right away. Have a skin exam during your regular health check-ups.

The best defense against cancer:

Early detection-finding a cancer early before it has spread-gives you the best chance to do something about it. Knowing about these cancers and what you can do can save your life.

Take control of your health and reduce your cancer risk:

*Stay away from tobacco

*Stay at a healthy weight

*Get moving with regular physical activity

*Eat healthy with plenty of fruits and vegetables

*Limit how much alcohol you drink (if you drink at all)

*Protect your skin

*Know yourself, your family history and your risks

*Have regular check-ups and cancer screening tests.

For information on how to reduce your cancer risk and other questions about cancer, please call us anytime, day or night at 1-800-227-2345 or visit us online at http://www.cancer.org

The American Cancer Society:

cancer.org

1-800-227-2345

1-800-228-4327 (TTY)

Disclaimer: This information comes from the American Cancer Society pamphlet and I give them full credit for this information. Please call the Society for more information on the cancers and their treatments.

 

 

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Alliance for Positive Change: Food for Thought

Alliance for Positive Change: Food for Thought

The Greatest Sin: Fear

The Best Day: Today

The Biggest Fool: The person who will not go to school

The Biggest Town: Where you succeed

The Most Agreeable Companion: On who would not have you any different than what you are

The Great Bore: The one who does not come to the point

A Still Greater Bore: One who deceives him/herself

The Greatest Deceiver: One who deceives him/herself

The Greatest Invention of the Devil: War

The Greatest Secret to Production: Saving Waste

The Best Work: What you like

The Greatest Comfort: The knowledge that you have done your work well

The Greatest Mistake: Giving Up

The Most Expensive Indulgence: Hate

The Cheapest stupid and easiest thing: Finding Fault

The Greatest Troublemaker: He who has too much

The Most Ridiculous Asset: Pride

The Worst Bankrupt: The soul who has lost their enthusiasm

The Cleverest Person: One who always does what he or she thinks is right

The Most Dangerous Person: The Liar

The Most Disagreeable Person: The Complainer

The Best Teacher: The one who makes you want to learn

The Meanest Feeling: Feeling Bad at another’s success

This is just food for thought.

Disclaimer: I want to thank the Alliance for these insights and to get us all to think.

 

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The Alliance for Positive Change: Minority Mental Health Awareness

The Alliance for Positive Change: Minority Mental Health Awareness

Behavioral Health Education and Engagement Newsletter July 2019

Founded in 2008, Minority Health Awareness Month set out to bring awareness to the struggles of the under representated populations suffering from mental illness in the United States. Why do we care? Approximately 46.6 million adults in the United States face the reality of managing a mental illness every day.

Hydrate your brain for a Mental Health Boost!

Summer is here and with the heat comes all of its challenges such as dehydrate which can have a negative impact on the brain. When the temperature rises it can cause you to sweat and with that you lose water. When you are dehydrated, you are at risk for difficulties  with your Mental Health such as:

  1. Mood changes: Anxiety
  2. Fatigue/Difficulties focusing
  3. Delirium (in severe cases of dehydration)

 

To properly function, the brain needs a certain amount of water. So this summer, Hydrate! Hydrate! Hydrate! Hydrate! Changes in the season can affect our Mental Health. I challenge you to discover your sense of purpose and have fun. Allow yourself to act purposefully while letting go and having fun.

Summer Essentials:

  1. Get out of the house and wear sunscreen.
  2. Drink 8 oz of water a day.
  3. On the go? Grab a water bottle to go!
  4. Rest & Repeat!

If you find yourself struggling this summer, BHEE is here to help. We provide individual education and support with a Behavorial Health Educator. You will also have the support of a Peer Navigator, someone with lived experience.

BHEE Mission & Vision:

Our mission is helping our clients to live a Hope and Empowered life while living POSITIVE. We believe that through education and support we can bring about change in our clients. Our goal is to help our clients gain access supportive services that are available. We encourage them to live their best life and embrace all that they are and all that they aspire to be. Taking steps to stand up, rise up, clean up and make Positive Changes.

Website: http://www.alliance.nyc (Contact: 212-645-0875 x447 ) Email: Chrissandra@alliance.nyc

Alliance Locations:

*Midtown Central: 64 West 35th Street NY, NY 10001

*Casa Washington Heights: 2036 Amsterdam Avenue NY, NY  10032

*Keith Haring East Harlem Center: 315 East 104th Street NY, NY  10029

Disclaimer: This information was taken directly from the Alliance for Positive Change Newletter and I give them full credit for the information. Please call their numbers or email them for more information.

 

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ESETT: Established Status Epilepticus Treatment Trial

ESETT: Established Status Epilepticus Treatment Trial

Learn about ESETT, a seizure  study that may affect you or someone you know.

A research trail conducted by The Neurological Emergencies Treatment Trials (NETT) Network and Pediatric Emergency Care & Applied Research Network (PECARN) http://www.pnett.org/seizure.htm

http://www.esett.org

Established Status Epilepticus Treatment Trail

What is SE?

Status Epilepticus (SE) is defined as a seizure or recurrent seizures lasting longer than five minutes without stopping or waking up. A person whose seizure does not stop after receiving a full dose of medicine (benzodiazepines) to make it stop is considered to have Established Status Epilepticus (ESE).

A prolonged seizure can:

*Happen to someone of any age

*Affect one’s ability to think and remember

*Prevent a person from being able to function normally or independently

*Limit awareness and cause coma

*Cause permanent brain damage

*Cause death

What is ESETT?

Emergency department care of Established Status Epilepticus (ESE) in the US is not the same everywhere. Doctors use their judgement but what treatment will work best is not known. The purpose of this study is to find out which of three commonly used medicines given in the emergency department for (ESE) is safer and more effective.

*phenoytoin (fPHT)

*valproic acid (VPA) and

*Levetiracetam (LVT)

Why do this study?

The best possible outcomes in patients with Established Status Epilepticus (ESE) are likely to depend on a treatment that rapidly stops their seizure.

Who will be included?

*Any patient who is 2 years or older with an

*Active recurrent or ongoing seizure lasting longer than five minutes and

*Has already received an adequate dose of benzodiazepine (like valium) in the past 5-30 minutes to make the seizure stop could be enrolled.

To start 1/3 of all study participants will randomly receive fPHT, 1/3 VPA and 1/3 LVT. After the study medicine is given, blood samples maybe taken to measure the amount of study drug in the blood.

As the study goes on, a higher proportion of patients will be randomized to the drug or drugs which better stop seizures.

If the seizure does not stop doctors will follow their normal procedure and given extra medication to make it stop.

The extra medicine could be one of the three medicines being studied or a different medicine.

What are the benefits?

Because we do not know which treatment is best for treating Established Status Epilepticus, a person enrolled in the study may receive a better medicine to treat their seizures.

Based on the information we get from this study, people who have a seizure in the future may benefit from what is learned from this study.

What are the risks?

There are risks to receiving the study drugs. The risks of the study drugs are similar to those that a patient might have if they receive treatment for their seizures outside of this study.

How is enrollment is ESETT different from other studies?

Normally researchers get permission before person can be included in a study. A person having a seizure will not be able to give consent. Since a seizure that will not be able to give consent. Since a seizure that will not stop on its own must be treated quickly, there will not be enough time to locate and talk to the person’s legal representative about the study without his/her legal representative’s consent. This is called “Exception from Informed Consent” (EFIC). Once the representative is located or the patient wakes up, they will be told about the study and asked to give their permission to continue in the study.

What is EFIC?

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is an agency of the federal government that overseas human research protection involving medicines. The FDA has created a set of special rules, called “Exception from Informed Consent” (EFIC). These special rules allow research studies in certain emergency situations to be conducted without consent.

EFIC can only be used when:

*The person’s life is at risk AND

*The best treatment is not known AND

*The study might help the person AND

*It is not possible to get permission:

-from the person because of his or her medical condition nor

-from the person’s guardian because there is a very short amount of time required to treat the medical problem.

Before researchers may do a study using EFIC, they must provide information about the study to the community and get their feedback.

How can i share my opinions about this study?

Before the study starts, meetings will be held in the community to provide information, answer questions and get community members’ thoughts and feelings about the study. You can call the study team to complete a one on one interview about the study. There will also be information about the study in the media (for example, newspapers, TV and radio).

What if I do not want to be included in the study?

There are two methods for opting out:

  1. Through a Medic Alert membership. If you have an existing medic alert tag or bracelet you can add “ESETT Study Declined” to it. If you have a medic alert membership you can add “ESETT Study declined” to you Emergency Medical information Record. If you would like to find out more information about your existing medic alert services or for a new membership visit: http://www.medicalert.org.

2. Call us to request an Opt Out bracelet be sent you to wear with the words “ESETT declined”. You will need to wear this bracelet at all times during the study period (approximately 5 years) or else you could be enrolled. If you do not participate in the study, you will receive the standard medical treatment provided for established status epilepticus at the hospital  in your community.

Where can I learn more about the study?

Online at: http://www.esett.org Or if you would like to know about a community meeting near you or to get more information about the ESETT study, contact a local study team member.

Contact us:

ESETT STUDY

Hackensack University Medical Center

Diana McCarthy, RN BSN BA

RN Research Coordinator

Emergency Trauma Center

(551) 996-3209

Diana McCarthy@HackensackMeridan.org

http://www.pnett.org/seizure.htm

NETT & PECARN Networks

The ESETT study is part of the Neurological Emergencies Treatment Trails (NETT) and PECARN Networks. Both Networks are funded by the National Institute of Health, an agency of the federal government.

NETT & PECARN conduct studies to learn how to improve emergency care for severe injuries and illnesses of the brain, spinal cord and nervous system in adults and children.

Both Networks include 39 institutions across the county and their surrounding hospitals. The following hospitals that will be participating in ESETT in this area include: Hackensack University Medical Center.

The research study has been reviewed by Hackensack University Medical Center.

Hackensack UMC

30 Prospect Street

Hackensack, New Jersey 07601

(551) 996-2000

http://www.HackensackUMC.org

Disclaimer: This information came from the Hackensack University Medical Center pamphlet and I give them full credit for the information. Please call or email the above number for more information.

 

 

 

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