Tick-Borne Diseases-NJ Department of Health

Tick-Borne Disease-NJ Department of Health

What are tick-borne diseases?

Tick-borne diseases are illnesses that can be spread to humans by the bite of an infected tick. The most common tick-borne diseases in New Jersey are:

*Anaplasmosis

*Babesiosis

*Ehrlichiosis

*Lyme Disease

*Rocky Mountain spotted fever

How do tick-borne diseases spread?

Ticks become infected when feeding on small infected mammals such as white-footed mice and voles. An infected tick can then infect a person through a tick bite. It is possible to be infected with more than one tick-borne disease at the same time.

Disease-causing ticks in NJ

These are common ticks in New Jersey that may spread disease to humans:

*Black-legged ‘deer’ tick (Ixodes scapularis) can transmit Lyme Disease, anaplasmosis, babesiosis and Powassan disease.

*American dog tick (Dermacentor variabilis) can transmit Rocky Mountain spotted fever and tularemia.

*Lone star tick (Amblyomma americanum) can transmit ehrlichiosis and tularemia.

What are the symptoms of tick-borne diseases?

Early signs of tick-borne diseases can include:

*Skin Rash

*Tiredness

*Fever/chills

*Headaches

*Stiff Neck

*Muscle aches

*Joint pain

*Dizziness

How soon after a tick bite do symtoms occur?

*Lyme Disease 3-30 days

*Ehrilichiosis 7-14 days

*Anaplasmosis 7-14 days

*Rocky Mt. Spotted Fever 2-14 days

*Babesiosis 7-63+ days

What is the treatment for tick-borne diseases?

Most tick-borne diseases (Lyme Disease, Ehrilichiosis, anaplasmosis and Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever) are caused by bacteria and can be treated with anitbotics. Babesiosis is caused by a parasite similar to malaria and a healthcare provider may prescribe medication. It is important to check for symptoms and talk to a healthcare provider if you’ve been bitten by a tick. Early treatment can be very effective.

Who gets tick-borne disease?

Anyone who is bitten by an infected tick may get a tick-borne disease. People who spend a lot of time outdoors, especially from April to September, have a greater risk of becoming infected.

How are tick-borne diseases diagnosed?

Most tick-borne diseases are diagnosed through blood tests and by discussing symptoms with a healthcare provider.

How to prevent tick-borne diseases:

*DEET

*Showers

*Tick Checks

*Know where ticks are: tickslive in or near wooded or grassy areas. Always walk in the center of trails to avoid contact with ticks.

*Keep your yard clean: mow lawns, clear brush and remove leaf litter.

*Apply insecticides: use EPA-registered repellent with DEET on skin and permethrin on clothing, boots and camping gear.

*Cover up: wear long sleeves and pants tucked into socks to prevent ticks from getting under clothes.

*Shower: showering can help find and wash off unattached ticks.

*Inspect: check your body for ticks.

Checks for Ticks:

Reduce your chances of getting a tick-borne disease by checking your body for ticks after being outdoors. Use a hand-held or full-length mirror to view all parts of your body.

Be sure to check these parts of your body:

*Under the arms

*In/around the ears

*Inside belly button

*Back of the knees

*In/around the hair

*Between the legs

*Around the waist

*On the scalp

What to do if you find a tick:

  1. Using fine-tipped tweezers, grab the tick close to the skin. Do not twist or jerk the tick as this may cause the mouthparts to break off and remain in the skin.
  2. With a steady motion, gently pull straight up until all parts of the tick are removed.
  3. After removing the tick, clean your skin with soap and warm water.
  4. Contact a healthcare provider if you develop symptoms of tick-borne disease.

Do not use petroleum jelly, hot matches, nail polish remover or other products to remove a tick.

Where can I find more information?

New Jersey Department of Health Communicable Disease Service: Vector-Borne Illness

https://www.nj.gov/health/cd/

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: Tick-Borne Disease

https://www.cdc.gov/ticks/tickbornediseases/index.html

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: Stop Ticks

https://www.cdc.gov/ticks/avoid/on_people.html

New Jersey Department of Health Communicable Disease Service

P.O. Box 369

Trenton, NJ 08625

(609) 826-4872

NJ Health/Department of Health

Disclaimer: This information taken directly from the NJ Health/NJ Department of Health of Tick-Borne Diseases and I give them full credit for this information. Please remember to check yourself when you go outside. It is very important to check.

About jwatrel

I am a free-lance writer and Blogger. I am the author of the book "Firehouse 101" (IUniverse.com 2005) part of trilogy of books centered in New York City. My next book "Love Triangles" is finished being edited and should be ready for release in the Fall. My latest book, "Dinner at Midnight", a thriller is on its last chapter. My long awaited book explains the loss of the 2004 Yankee game to Boston. I work as a Consultant, Adjunct College Professor, Volunteer Fireman and Ambulance member and Blogger. I have a blog site for caregivers called 'bergencountycaregiver', a step by step survival guide to all you wonderful folks taking care of your loved ones, a walking project to walk every block, both sides, of the island of Manhattan "MywalkinManhattan" and discuss what I see and find on the streets of New York and three sites to accompany it. One is an arts site called "Visiting a Museum", where I showcase small museums, historical sites and parks that are off the beaten track both in Manhattan and outside the city to cross reference with "MywalkinManhattan" blog site. Another is "DiningonaShoeStringNYC", featuring small restaurants I have found on my travels in this project, that offer wonderful meals for $10.00 and under. So be on the lookout for updates on all three sites and enjoy 'MywalkinManhattan'. The third is my latest site, "LittleShoponMainStreet", which showcases all the unique and independent shops that I have found on my travels throughout and around Manhattan. I have started two new blog sites for the fire department, one "EngineOneHasbrouck HeightsFireDepartmentnj" for the Hasbrouck Heights Fire Department to discuss what our Engine Company is doing and the other is "BergenCountyFireman'sHomeAssociation" for the Bergen County Fireman's Association, which fire fighters from Bergen County, NJ, go to the Fireman's Home in Boonton, NJ to bring entertainment and cheer to our fellow brother fire fighters quarterly.
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1 Response to Tick-Borne Diseases-NJ Department of Health

  1. jwatrel says:

    Please remember to check yourself when you go outside for ticks or tick bites.

    Liked by 1 person

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